The Essentials Of Belief
Islam is the Religion of all the Prophets of Allah starting with Adam and ending with Muhammad. In Arabic Islam means submission. To believe in the heart and declare with the tongue: "No one is God except Allah and Muhammad is the Messenger of Allah" is how one becomes Muslim. Utterance with the Two Professions (ashShahadatan) is required of the person who is not already a Muslim. A Muslim is a believer and a follower of Islam.
The First Profession (ash-Shahadah), i.e., "No one is God except Allah" means nothing deserves to be worshipped except Allah. "Allah" is the name of the Creator in Arabic which means "The One Who has the Godhood which is the power to create the entities."
The second Profession, i.e., "Muhammad
is the Messenger of Allah"
includes believing Muhammad was the
last of the prophets, he was truthful in all he told about and
conveyed from Allah (as were all the
prophets before him), and the Creator gave us prophets and
messengers (A 'prophet' is a man who receives the Revelation from
Allah and conveys it to the people. A
'messenger' is a prophet who comes with some new laws. The
prophet who is not a messenger follows the laws of the messenger
who came before him. Every messenger is a prophet, but not every
prophet is a messenger.) to guide us to worship Him correctly. A
Muslim must believe in all the prophets and messengers.
The Two Professions are the essentials of belief in Islam;
they are the foundation of the faith. The analogy of constructing
a building is useful in explaining the importance of this basic
belief. There will be no building without a concrete foundation.
Likewise, there will be no benefit and fruitful results in the
Hereafter without having the correct belief first.
This analogy illustrates the need to start from the beginning
and build upward; before one can remain steadfast in the Religion
one must have the proper belief. Muslims firmly believe only one
Creator exists, His name is Allah,
and Muhammad is His Prophet and
Messenger. Knowledge and belief in this are the foundation of the
faith, and all Muslims are united by this basic belief. The
Muslim uses the mind as a guide because the mind and faith go
hand-in-hand. Knowledge is essential since learning gives one
strength and purpose.
Allah blessed the people with the
prophets and messengers to guide them to obedience and warn them
from disobedience. Muslims must believe in all the prophets and
messengers because Allah blessed them
all with Revelation and they conveyed this to their people, but
now Muslims must follow the rules of the last Prophet and
Messenger, Prophet Muhammad.
Allah ordered the Messengers to
convey the laws, and they did. They taught by words and example.
The prophets were attributed with truthfulness, trustworthiness,
and intelligence. Consequently, lying, dishonesty, vileness,
stupidity, and dullness were impossible to be among their
attributes. They were also attributed with impeccability of
blasphemy (Blasphemy includes any belief, action, or saying which
belittles Allah, His Books, His
Messengers, His Angels, His Rites, the Ma^alim
of His Religion, His Rules, His Promise, or His Threat.), the
great sins (such as drinking alcohol and unjustful killing), and
abject small sins (such as stealing one grape).
Prophet Muhammad taught his
Companions and those Companions taught their followers and so on
until the knowledge of Islam reached
the Muslims of the present day. The beliefs and teachings were
passed from trustworthy Muslim('Trustworthy' as defined by Islam
means the Muslim who does not commit great sins, small sins in a
way that they will be more than this good deeds, and does not
behave in violation of the behavior of those who have his
status.) to trustworthy Muslim with a chain of reliable relators
back to the Prophet. In Islam it is a
great sin to judge without knowledge. If a Muslim does not know
an answer to an Islamic inquiry he must not give his opinion or
what he thinks the answer might be. Instead, he seeks the answer
from someone more knowledgeable in the Religion who attained the
knowledge in the aforementioned manner.
Since Allah created Adam, the first man, from soil of different colors and different textures, and all people are the descendants of Adam, this accounts for the various races and temperaments of people. Muslim men and women around the world of all ages, races, colors, nationalities, social backgrounds, economic status', languages, and political affiliations are united by their belief that there is only one God, His name is Allah, and Muhammad is His last Prophet and Messenger and by practicing the same rules of the Religion.
Islam is a belief system as well
as a way of life. Only the Creator knows the limits, the
weakness, and the vulnerability of all His creation, and He has
provided rules for them that are fair and just. Allah
knows what is good for His creation as well as what is harmful;
He knows what is beneficial and what is detrimental.
The foundation of Islam is based upon five matters:
(1) Professing and believing no one is God except Allah and Muhammad is the Messenger of Allah;
The belief in the truth of Islam
is the same despite the color of the skin, whether one is a
man or a woman, how much wealth one might or might not have
accumulated, where one lives, and who one's family and/or friends
Prayer, five times each day, is
required by all Muslim mukallaf (Mukallaf in this context
means sane and pubescent.).
Fasting during the month of Ramadan
is an obligation on all Muslims who have reached puberty and who
are physically able to fast. This helps the Muslim to feel what
the poor feel, and in this way one remembers to care for those
less fortunate than oneself. Fasting also disciplines the Muslim
and brings Muslims together--uniting them by a common, shared
pilgrimage as defined by Islam,
is the journey to the Ka^bah to perform, at a specific
period of the year, certain actions in Makkah and its
vicinity. It is required at least once during the lifetime of
each Muslim mukallaf if he is able. During Hajj,
all Muslims leave their worldly possessions and perform the same
religious obligations in the same way as those Muslims with them
and those Muslims who performed Hajj before
Zakah is paying a certain portion of one's money (Money in this context includes property, possessions, and wealth.) to specific types of people with certain conditions. This provides for the poor Muslims and those whose needs are not being met within the Muslim community.
Islam also requires a Muslim to be
humble and to care about and to respect one's brother and sister
Muslim. It is not acceptable Islamic behavior to talk about other
Muslims or to cause problems amongst them.
the Obligatory Knowledge of the Religion puts the Muslim on the
road for excellence and self-betterment. With knowledge, the
Muslim differentiates between what is lawful and what is not, and
what is an acceptable, valid worship and what is not. What
differentiates one Muslim from another is the amount of Islamic
knowledge one attains and applies within one's own life.
"The Essentials of Belief" is an insight into the
Religion of Islam. Believing and
uttering 'No one is God except Allah and
Muhammad is the Messenger of Allah'
is the most important thing any person can do and it is a
condition for the acceptance of the good deeds. The one who
becomes Muslim and stays Muslim will have the enjoyment of
Paradise without end in the Hereafter and the one who rejects Islam
will suffer the torture of Hellfire without end in the
Hereafter. It is certain that death will come to all of us. The
one who is prepared for the Day of Judgment is the one who knows,
accepts, and applies the essentials of belief, and implements the
teachings of Prophet Muhammad, sallallahu
^alayhi wa sallam, in all sincerity to Allah,
The truth of Islam
must be accepted and the Obligatory Knowledge of Islam
must be acquired and taken if it is from reliable,
trustworthy, Islamic sources--irregardless of whether the teacher
is young or old, male or female, rich or poor, black or white,
Arab or American or African or Indian or Chinese or Spanish or of
any other origin.